To be eligible for a Public Access Land Agreement private landowners, must be willing to provide public access to either inaccessible public lands or improve access to under-accessible public lands, or both. Landowners who wish to enter agreements must also hold the lease for grazing/farming on the public land - if a lease exists.
Inaccessible land means public land wholly surrounded by private land by which there is no other legal access via public road, trail, right of way or easement; public waters; adjacent federal, state, county, or municipal land that is open to public use; or adjacent private land for which that landowner has not granted permission to cross.
Under-accessible land means public land for which there is no other legal access point within two miles via public road, trail, right of way or easement; public waters; adjacent federal, state, county, or municipal land that is open to public use. Access via public waters may also be considered under accessible if there are safety concerns which limit access by boat (due to rapids, boulders, log jams) and/or by foot while remaining within the high water mark (due to swift currents, deep water along banks, slippery substrate).
Landowners enrolled in the Public Access Land Agreement program are provided liability protection under state law through 70-16-302, Montana Code Annotated (MCA) as long as no fees for access/trespass are charged. Landowners are also possibly eligible for reimbursement through FWP's Livestock Loss Reimbursement Program.
Landowners who enroll parcels, roads or trails in the Public Access Land Agreement program are eligible for an annual payment of up to $15,000 per agreement. Landowners and the department may also negotiate improvements needed to facilitate access
FWP may provide hunter management assistance dependent upon need, property rules and program availability as well as may provide and post signs with associated maps and rules for each property, road or trail enrolled in the program.
Potential agreements will be reviewed by the Private Land/Public Wildlife Advisory Committee for a recommendation to the Department whether to fund the agreement.
The agreement will be between private landowners and Fish, Wildlife & Parks for a minimum of one year up to ten-years with payments made annually.
Landowner in collaboration with FWP determines when, where, and how the public may access public land in accordance with program guidelines including the possibility of limiting travel to foot traffic only.