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Noncontrolled Species

"Noncontrolled species" are live, exotic wildlife species, subspecies, or hybrid of that species that may be possessed, sold, purchased or exchanged in the state without a permit, except as provided in this subchapter or in Montana statutes or federal statutes. An uncontrolled species may not be released into the wild unless authorized in writing by the department. This definition does not authorize the sale, possession, transportation, importation or exportation of a noncontrolled species in violation of any applicable federal or state statute or regulation or county or city ordinance.

Noncontrolled exotic wildlife

MAY NOT be released or transplanted within the state, but
MAY be possessed or sold as pets in Montana without a permit.

Amphibians | Arachnids | Birds | Crustaceans | Fish | Mammals | Reptiles

Limbless Amphibians

Caeciliidae

Species Name

Date Classified

Reference

Ichthyophiidae (fish caecillians)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Rhinatrematidae(beaked caecilians)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Scolecomorphidae (tropical caecilians)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Uraeotyphlidae (Indian caecilians)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Amphibians

Frogs

Species Name

Date Classified

Reference

Atelopodidae (harlequin frogs)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Bufonidae (true toads)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Cameroon volcano frog (Xenopus amieti)

3/2010

ARM 12.6.2205

Centrolenidae (glass frogs)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Dendrobatidae (poison dart frogs)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Eritrea clawed frog (Xenopus clivii)

3/2010 

ARM 12.6.2205

Hylidae (tree frogs)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Hyperoliidae family

1/2004 & 8/2007

MCA 87-5-706 & ARM 12.6.2205

Leptodactylidae family (rain frogs)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Microhylidae (narrow-mouthed toads)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Pelobatidae (spadefoot toads)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Pelodytidae (old world spadefoot toads)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Ranidae (true frogs, except bullfrogs, Rana catesbeiana)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Rhacophoridae (old world tree frogs)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Rhinophrynidae (Mexican burrowing frog)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Salamanders

Species Name

Date Classified

Reference

Ambystomatidae (mole salamanders)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Amphiumidae (amphiumas)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Cryptobranchidae (hellbenders)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Dicamptodontidae (giant salamanders)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Hynobiidae (Asian salamanders)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Plethodontidae (woodland salamanders)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Proteidae (waterdogs)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Salamandridae (newts, except for rough-skinned newt, Taricha granulosa)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Sirenidae (sirens)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Arachnids

Scorpions

Species Name

Date Classified

Reference

Emperor scorpion (Pandinus imperator)

8/2007

ARM 12.6.2205

Tanzanian redclaw scorpion (Pandinus cavimanus)

8/2007

ARM 12.6.2205

Birds

Species Name

Date Classified

Reference

Cacatuidae (cockatoos) nonnative species in the subfamily Phaisianae except the following which have been defined as upland game birds which are controlled:
Chukar partridge (Alectoris chukar), Gray (Hungarian) partridge (Perdix perdix), Ring-necked pheasant (Phasianus colchicus), Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Emberizidae (cardinals)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Estrildidae (finches)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Loriidae (lories)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Ploceidae (weavers)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Psittacidae (parrots)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Ramphastidae (toucans, toucanettes)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Sturnidae (mynahs)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Thraupidae (tanagers)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Viduinae (wydahs)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Timaliidae (mesias)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Zosteropidae (zosterops)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Crustaceans

Species Name

Date Classified

Reference

Terrestrial hermit crabs (Coenobita spp)

3/2010

ARM 12.6.2205

Fish

Species Name

Date Classified

Reference

All tropical fish, subtropical fish, and marine fish, for use in residential and office aquariums unless otherwise listed in rule or statute.

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Mammals

Species Name

Date Classified

Reference

African pygmy hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris and Atelerix algirus)

5/2005

ARM 12.6.2205

Degu, Bush-tailed rat (Octodon degus)

11/2006

ARM 12.6.2205

Jungle cat (Felis chaus)

11/2006

ARM 12.6.2205

Serval cat (Leptailrus serval)

11/2006

ARM 12.6.2205

Sugar gliders (Petaurus breviceps)

5/2005

ARM 12.6.2205

Two-toe sloth (Choloepus didoctylus)

11/2006

ARM 12.6.2205

Wallaby (Bennets) (Macropus rufogriseus)

5/2005

ARM 12.6.2205

Wallaby (Tammar) (Macropus eugenii)

5/2005

ARM 12.6.2205

Reptiles

Snakes, some species are listed as prohibited

Species Name

Date Classified

Reference

Acrochordidae (file and elephant trunk snakes)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Aniliidae (pipe snakes)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Anomalepididae (blind snakes)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Boidae (boas)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Bolyeriidae (Round Island Boas)

1/2004 

MCA 87-5-706

Colubridae (modern snakes)

1/2004 

MCA 87-5-706

Leptotyphlopidae (blind snakes)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Pythonidae (pythons)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Tropidophiidae (dwarf boas)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Typhlopidae (blind snakes)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Uropeltidae (shield-tailed snakes)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Xenopeltidae (sunbeam snakes)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Lizards

Species Name

Date Classified

Reference

Agamidae (chisel-teeth lizards)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Amphisbaenidae (worm lizards)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Anelytropsidae (limbless lizards)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Anguidae (glass and alligator lizards)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Anniellidae (legless lizards)

1/2004 

MCA 87-5-706

Chamaeleonidae (chameleons)

1/2004 

MCA 87-5-706

Cordylidae (girdle-tailed lizards)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Corytophanidae (casquehead lizards)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Crotaphytidae (collared and leopard lizards)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Dibamidae (blind lizards)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Eublepharidae (eyelid geckos)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Feyliniidae (African snake skinks)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Gekkonidae (geckos)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Helodermatidae (beaded lizards and gila monsters)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Iguanidae (iguanas)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Lacertidae (wall lizards)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Lanthanotidae (earless monitor)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Phrynosomatidae (earless, spiny, and horned lizards)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Polychrotidae (anoles)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Pygopodidae (snake lizards)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Scincidae (skinks)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Teiidae (whiptail)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Tropiduridae (neotropical ground lizards)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Varanidae (monitor lizard)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Xantusiidae (night lizards)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Xenosauridae (knob-scaled lizards)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Turtles

Species Name

Date Classified

Reference

Carettochelyidae (New Guinea softshell turtles)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Chelidae (snake-necked turtles)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Chelydridae (snapping turtles)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Dermatemydidae (Central American river turtle)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Emydidae (pond turtles)

1/2004 

MCA 87-5-706

Kinosternidae (mud turtles and musk turtles)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Pelomedusidae (hidden-necked turtles)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Platysternidae (big-headed turtle)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706

Testudinidae (tortoises)

1/2004 

MCA 87-5-706

Trionychidae (soft-shelled turtles)

1/2004

MCA 87-5-706