Growing concern about the status of sagebrush on western rangelands and declines in sage grouse numbers is leading to a formal effort to protect sage grouse under the Endangered Species Act. In Montana, there has been some loss of habitat in terms of quantity and quality. In 2000, the state of Montana agreed to work cooperatively with other state and federal agencies to prepare a conservation plan for sage grouse. Montana's draft plan, which has had wide involvement across the state, is being finalized. The plan contains a diverse list of possible conservation actions. One role of the local working groups will be to identify specific actions that can be taken on private and public lands in a local area to benefit sage grouse and sagebrush habitat.