State of Montana Website Montana State Parks Website
Montana Statewide Elk Management
Image of elk in the snow

Managing Montana’s elk populations at levels compatible with other land uses and meeting the current and future demand for hunting and other recreation has become increasingly complex, demanding increased comprehensive planning. FWP has operated under some form of elk plan since 1978. In 1992, Montana adopted a new, comprehensive elk plan.

Management Plan

The Elk Management Plan is available for download. This plan has been separated into sections for faster downloading.

Population and Distribution

NOTE: Maps and charts were not produced every year prior to 2010.

Population Status Charts

Distribution Maps

Objective Maps

 

Elk & Brucellosis Research

Brucellosis is a contagious bacterial infection in domestic animals, wildlife and humans worldwide. The disease can result in abortions in some pregnant animals, including domestic cattle, bison and elk. It can also result in serious financial burdens to cattle producers, potentially resulting in quarantine of a herd, increased testing and vaccination costs and possible difficulty in trade with other states and countries. The potential for transmission to livestock has led FWP to investigate the status of brucellosis in some elk herds near Yellowstone National Park. [Learn more]

Bitterroot Elk Research Project

This project aims to determine how predation and the nutritional condition of cow elk and affect elk productivity, survival, and recruitment. Results will guide management actions in the Bitterroot Valley of western Montana and throughout the Northern Rockies where wolf recolonization is occurring. [Learn more]

Videos

Working Groups

There are four working groups which provide input on elk management in various parts of the state. Working Group are convened at appropriate intervals to help assess implementation and effectiveness of elk management recommendations. [Learn more]

 

Resources