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Bison Conservation & Management

Bison are the largest terrestrial mammal in North America. Their large, low-hanging heads allow them to gather low-growing vegetation, even in the snow, and their thick fur insulates them from extreme environmental conditions. Their sharp horns aid in self-defense. These unique physical characteristics that cause bison to be easily recognized also play an important role in their historical success.

Bison Quarantine Program

The animals are part of the Bison Quarantine Feasibility Study (QFS), the research project that began in 2004 directed by FWP and the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service to produce bison free of brucellosis.

Statewide Bison Management Plan EIS Public Scoping

In order to prepare a statewide bison management plan, Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks is moving forward with the development of a programmatic environmental impact statement (EIS) to address the potential for bison restoration in Montana. The EIS will examine an array of possible alternatives from a no action alternative to a number of different bison restoration alternatives and the potential impacts of those alternatives. [Learn More]

FWP, Fort Peck & Fort Belknap Reservations Bison MOUs

Management Plan

Recent Environmental Assessment

Draft EA for Interim Translocation of Bison, September 2011 (PDF icon and link 1.9 MB)

The comment period for the Draft EA for Interim Translocation of Bison has past. It ended October 19, 2011.

Feasibility Study Bison on Green Ranch

Bison numbers on the Green Ranch.

Comments Generated at the Scoping Meetings on Proposal to Allow Bison to Occupy Suitable Year-Round Habitat Near YNP

Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks (FWP) and the Montana Department of Livestock (DoL) recently completed public scoping for the evaluation of a proposal to allow some bison to occupy suitable habitat year-round in Montana on lands near the border of Yellowstone National Park. The public scoping period ended on August 24, 2012.

FWP has compiled all the comments as they were transcribed at recent public scoping meetings in West Yellowstone and Gardiner. You may read these comments by clicking on the link below.