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Noncontrolled Species

"Noncontrolled species" are live, exotic wildlife species, subspecies, or hybrid of that species that may be possessed, sold, purchased or exchanged in the state without a permit, except as provided in this subchapter or in Montana statutes or federal statutes. An uncontrolled species may not be released into the wild unless authorized in writing by the department. This definition does not authorize the sale, possession, transportation, importation or exportation of a noncontrolled species in violation of any applicable federal or state statute or regulation or county or city ordinance.

Noncontrolled exotic wildlife

MAY NOT be released or transplanted within the state, but

MAY be possessed or sold as pets in Montana without a permit.

Amphibians | Arachnids | Birds | Crustaceans | Fish | Mammals | Reptiles

Limbless Amphibians

Caeciliidae

Species Name Date Classified Reference
Ichthyophiidae (fish caecillians) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Rhinatrematidae(beaked caecilians) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Scolecomorphidae (tropical caecilians) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Uraeotyphlidae (Indian caecilians) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706

Amphibians

Frogs

Species Name Date Classified Reference
Atelopodidae (harlequin frogs) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Bufonidae (true toads) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Cameroon volcano frog (Xenopus amieti) 3/2010 ARM 12.6.2205
Centrolenidae (glass frogs) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Dendrobatidae (poison dart frogs) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Eritrea clawed frog (Xenopus clivii) 3/2010  ARM 12.6.2205
Hylidae (tree frogs) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Hyperoliidae family 1/2004 & 8/2007 MCA 87-5-706 & ARM 12.6.2205
Leptodactylidae family (rain frogs) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Microhylidae (narrow-mouthed toads) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Pelobatidae (spadefoot toads) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Pelodytidae (old world spadefoot toads) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Ranidae (true frogs, except bullfrogs, Rana catesbeiana) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Rhacophoridae (old world tree frogs) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Rhinophrynidae (Mexican burrowing frog) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706

Salamanders

Species Name Date Classified Reference
Ambystomatidae (mole salamanders) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Amphiumidae (amphiumas) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Cryptobranchidae (hellbenders) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Dicamptodontidae (giant salamanders) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Hynobiidae (Asian salamanders) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Plethodontidae (woodland salamanders) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Proteidae (waterdogs) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Salamandridae (newts, except for rough-skinned newt, Taricha granulosa) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Sirenidae (sirens) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706

Arachnids

Scorpions

Species Name Date Classified Reference
Emperor scorpion (Pandinus imperator) 8/2007 ARM 12.6.2205
Tanzanian redclaw scorpion (Pandinus cavimanus) 8/2007 ARM 12.6.2205

Birds

Species Name Date Classified Reference
Cacatuidae (cockatoos) nonnative species in the subfamily Phaisianae except the following which have been defined as upland game birds which are controlled:
Chukar partridge (Alectoris chukar), Gray (Hungarian) partridge (Perdix perdix), Ring-necked pheasant (Phasianus colchicus), Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)
1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Emberizidae (cardinals) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Estrildidae (finches) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Loriidae (lories) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Ploceidae (weavers) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Psittacidae (parrots) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Ramphastidae (toucans, toucanettes) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Sturnidae (mynahs) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Thraupidae (tanagers) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Viduinae (wydahs) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Timaliidae (mesias) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Zosteropidae (zosterops) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706

Crustaceans

Species Name Date Classified Reference
Terrestrial hermit crabs (Coenobita spp) 3/2010 ARM 12.6.2205

Fish

Species Name Date Classified Reference
All tropical fish, subtropical fish, and marine fish, for use in residential and office aquariums unless otherwise listed in rule or statute. 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706

Mammals

Species Name Date Classified Reference
African pygmy hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris and Atelerix algirus) 5/2005 ARM 12.6.2205
Degu, Bush-tailed rat (Octodon degus) 11/2006 ARM 12.6.2205
Jungle cat (Felis chaus) 11/2006 ARM 12.6.2205
Serval cat (Leptailrus serval) 11/2006 ARM 12.6.2205
Sugar gliders (Petaurus breviceps) 5/2005 ARM 12.6.2205
Two-toe sloth (Choloepus didoctylus) 11/2006 ARM 12.6.2205
Wallaby (Bennets) (Macropus rufogriseus) 5/2005 ARM 12.6.2205
Wallaby (Tammar) (Macropus eugenii) 5/2005 ARM 12.6.2205

Reptiles

Snakes, some species are listed as prohibited

Species Name Date Classified Reference
Acrochordidae (file and elephant trunk snakes) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Aniliidae (pipe snakes) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Anomalepididae (blind snakes) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Boidae (boas) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Bolyeriidae (Round Island Boas) 1/2004  MCA 87-5-706
Colubridae (modern snakes) 1/2004  MCA 87-5-706
Leptotyphlopidae (blind snakes) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Pythonidae (pythons) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Tropidophiidae (dwarf boas) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Typhlopidae (blind snakes) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Uropeltidae (shield-tailed snakes) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Xenopeltidae (sunbeam snakes) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706

Lizards

Species Name Date Classified Reference
Agamidae (chisel-teeth lizards) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Amphisbaenidae (worm lizards) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Anelytropsidae (limbless lizards) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Anguidae (glass and alligator lizards) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Anniellidae (legless lizards) 1/2004  MCA 87-5-706 
Chamaeleonidae (chameleons) 1/2004  MCA 87-5-706 
Cordylidae (girdle-tailed lizards) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Corytophanidae (casquehead lizards) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Crotaphytidae (collared and leopard lizards) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Dibamidae (blind lizards) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Eublepharidae (eyelid geckos) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Feyliniidae (African snake skinks) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Gekkonidae (geckos) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Helodermatidae (beaded lizards and gila monsters) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Iguanidae (iguanas) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Lacertidae (wall lizards) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Lanthanotidae (earless monitor) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Phrynosomatidae (earless, spiny, and horned lizards) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Polychrotidae (anoles) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Pygopodidae (snake lizards) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Scincidae (skinks) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Teiidae (whiptail) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Tropiduridae (neotropical ground lizards) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Varanidae (monitor lizard) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Xantusiidae (night lizards) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Xenosauridae (knob-scaled lizards) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706

Turtles

Species Name Date Classified Reference
Carettochelyidae (New Guinea softshell turtles) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Chelidae (snake-necked turtles) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Chelydridae (snapping turtles) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Dermatemydidae (Central American river turtle) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Emydidae (pond turtles) 1/2004  MCA 87-5-706
Kinosternidae (mud turtles and musk turtles) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Pelomedusidae (hidden-necked turtles) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Platysternidae (big-headed turtle) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706
Testudinidae (tortoises) 1/2004  MCA 87-5-706
Trionychidae (soft-shelled turtles) 1/2004 MCA 87-5-706