There are a number of species found in Montana that are classified by Montana statute as nongame wildlife, some are shot for sport while others are shot for consumption. Examples of these species include raccoon, red fox, hares, marmots, tree squirrels, ground squirrels and prairie dogs. There are currently no regulations restricting the shooting of nongame species.
Shooting of any animals on private land requires landowner permission. Shooting of animals on public land may require land management agency permits or fees.
Prairie dogs and other nongame species are protected on many national wildlife refuges. Check with each refuge before shooting on refuge lands.